Der Exot: „Turboplan“ oder auch RW-96 / RW-80

Hier die Bedienungsanleitung des Turboplan

Achtung der Text ist nur mal mit der OCR reingezogen und noch nicht überarbeitet. Das kommt noch.

B) COWLING - TANK (item 3)

.The same as with the caburetor fuel line connection you dri 1 a hole into one of the naps on the underside of the ank bott m 6) to install the fuel line connector (item 7) which has to be agglutinated later. Put the filter screen into tlhe recess i thi inner side of the tank bottom and fasten loosely@. The lower sid( of the filter should be free of any adhesive. Diril.1 two ho es into the upper part of the tank; they are meant for fuellin and for airing (o 2 mm) the tank. Slightly roughien the rest of glue and clean tank (item 3) and tank bottom (it@em 6). On t e it side of the tank bottom there are 6 naps to keep i pointin up- wards while glueing. One of the 6 naps has two pol s attach d tc limit the position to the sides. Spread the cyancac@,rylate a hes: supplied over all contact spots on the tank bottom; at the! ame time press them in the position indicated to the tank. The covi the points of impact thinly with adhesive. Test the tank f lei In the imaginary prolongation of the engine carrier drill les (o 2 mm) for the cowl retaining springs (item B)i into the u per edges of the tank. If additional holes should be required, c i, most carefully in accordance with the carburetor ii use (f e ii necessary) and not more than necessary. Insert the counter orqi flaps (item 4) into the corresponding slots. Do Ino: glue!!

0) CARRIER PLATE - MUFFLER (item 3)

Glue the three steal rods (item 21) into the holes in the c rrii 11) The servo unit (item 51) for the inclination flap must b on the same level as the inclination flap shackle. 12) Line out the mounting holes for the mounts on the landin gea plate and drill the holes. Apply the mounts and screw th in 13) Insert the antenna mounts (item 59) into drill holes in e s plate of the landing gear plate and fix them to the land g gear plate. The distance between the anteena end and the ori zontal flight axle should be approcimately 100 mm. 14) Mount the on/off switch lever (item 53) to the side wall f t landing gear plate (item 26). File cut outs for the switch lever and for a possible la ing bush.

E) HINGING of the SIDE FLAP (item 11)

Connect the servo lever with the lever of the side flap (ite 58) by steal wire. The side flap (item 11) must be moveaole from he zero point (vertical) to the righ t or left for about P5 degr s each (fig. 6).

F) HINGING of the INCLINATION FLAP (item 24)

Connect the servo lever with the clevis type connector of th in- clination flap in using two yokes and a thread rod. Nhen ret cte the inclination flap has to be in vertical position and when x- tended in horizontal position. Thus it has to descrioe a cou e of 90 degrees (fig. 6).

G) HINGING of SPEED REGULATION

First assemble engine plate (item 19), carrier plate (i.tem 2 ani landing gear plate (item 26) as indicated above. Screw them geti with the locking disc (item 2?) and the screw (item 26) (scr in thread shape without,thread cutting). CAUTION: Inclination flap must be straight opposi e -.a the e ine . cylinder! Solder the yoke to the steal wire supplied and stiff3n the f st white glue or such like. For that purpose you need a level w rk surface where you arrange the wing halves and keep them unde pressure until the adhesive has hardened completely. Then yo ma@ paint the ring wing with dispersion colour or cover it with oil. Wrap the outside with tape supplied. Press stabilizing (inertia) weights (item 9) into drillholes in t lower side of the ring wing. There should be always two oppo ite each other with RW 96 and always three opposite eac other w h F Even when having handled most carefully, before fixing the r ng A check by spinning the carrier plate whether the ring wing mo ntir are in the same level. If necessary correct them by bending e r Attach the ring wing. CAUTION: The propeller sub border of RW 96 must be in the sa 1E as the ring wing upper border. The distance propeller (subborder/ring wing upper b der the RW 80 must be 30 mm. Rotate the carrier plate (item 22) with the-ring wing (item an check with any instrument if the ring wing turns concentric d adapt the ring wing by tapping slightly with the finger. Heat a wire in a candle flame (3 mm) and meld three vertical ole through the lower wing mounting (item 23) and through.the ri wi from the downside upwards. Lightly screw on ring wing with the screws supplied (item 15 wi the mounting screw plates (item 16) and with the mounting sc w n (item 25). Check once more if the ring wing runs levelly and on- centric (disc may oscillate for max. 5 mm or be excentric fo max 2 mm). Now tighten the ring wing uniformly.

L) RING WING BALANCE

Position the device inverted on the work surface. Rotate the ing wing. If necessary press an small screw into the lower side th wing directly opposite the heavy side. Minimal unbalance may e -I --- 4- -,4 10 by trim

4. HORIZONTAL FLIGHT (fig. 10)

The inclination flap is extended during the horizontal flig m extention of the inclination flap combined with hig er moto spe results in higher horizontal speed. If TURBOPLAN deviate ne tiv in the horizontal flight retract the inclination flap a lit e. Operating the side rudder (flap) (item 11) enables to fly t . the right or to the left or straight on. The gyro effect is very valuable for the self stabilization f t TURBOPLAN, but shows to depend on the motor speed arid on th disc speed also, therefore it tends to influence the flight. Tha may be eliminated by the control functions. With higher mot spi the TURBOPLAN flies rather to the left. That means ---hat for le turn you need less side-extention than for the right turn. th lower motor speed (hovering) the left/right tendencies are n utri lized, the necessary side flap extentions get more equal. Ha ing exercised vertical take-off, hovering and landing arid the ne essi counter torque balancies sufficiently (fuelling!) once more emer the above mentioned characteristics and then procee as foll Ws: a) hovering in an altitude of about 5 to 10 m; b) execute counter torque balancing and fix the direction (a tei-ir inclination flap); c) extend inclination flap. When extended the inclination flap encreases the motor speed a little. The TURBOPLAN flies the same direction as the inclination fl p shows, left and right turns are controlled only by the side lap (C-D, fig. 14). CAUTION: As a beginner you may lose the control over the TUR OPL@ out of reasons whatsoever. If so retract the inclin tior flap (vertical) and make the TURSOPLAN hover by mot r s; regulation; because of its selfstabilizatti n the TU BOPL regains horizontal position by itself.

IGENERAL DESCRIPTION

OPLAN is the first radio controlled ring wing aircraft with rtical take-off and landing characteristics. Because of its novel ape and construction TURBOPLAN has become a real enrichment of del sport flying. It has already highly approved as RC model as well as free flight model. The idea to create such an ut opic looking aircraft arose from the UFO euphoria a few years ago. A completely new flying and control system has been necessary to realize this idea. Using the gyroscopic action as flight stabilizer turned out to be successfull. Any standard model motor may supply the driving force.

LIFT

The engine with the airscrew fixed to the axle creates an airflow from the upper side of the device downwards. The wash coming from the airflow shows an injector - suction effect. Both wing suction and propeller thrust result in lifting.

RING WING

With TURSOPLAN - the same as with airoplanes - the ring wing profile is decisive for its flight characteristics. Concernig load capacities or flight stabilization or horizontal and vertical speed quite different wing profiles for each are necessary- The model aircraft TURBOPLAN RW 96 and RW 80 are equipped with profiles to comply with the average demand, in particular provide with high flight stabilization and can therefore be used in free flight. To achieve self stabilization the flaps mounted ic the carrier plate spin the ring wing. In addition to it there are stabilizing weights attached to the lower side of the ring. In further development the controlled more ring wing RW 80 may gain higher flying speed, be precisely and more quickly, is less dependent on windy weather and has better possibilities for its transportation. COWLING and TANK The engine cowling is essential for: a) the stream-lined cowling contains the fuel tank with a capacity of approximately 400 ccm; b) the flaps fixed to the tank compensate the counter torque of the engine and at the same time direct the propeller thrust laminar downwdrd. 3

CARRIER PLATE

This plate is fixed by ball bearing at the axle journal and has the following functions: a) as muffler b) the drive flaps mounted to the outside spin the ring wing.

LANDING GEAR PLATE

The landing gear plate carries the complete radio control receiver system with inclination flap and direction flap. The shock absorber legs of the landing gqar are also fixed to it.

ANTENNA

has two functions: a) as antenna for the RC system; b) as course stabilizer and as auxiliary orientation in horizontal flight.

2. GENERAL DIRECTIONS

The kit supplied is equivalent to the up-to-date flight techniques of TURBOPLAN. The cyanoacrylate adhesive supplied in the kit is a so called instant glue. CAUTION: Avoid skin contact with the glue. In case of eye contact immediately wash with appropriate eye rinse fluid or water. In any case get medical help! For safe transportation the three plates (engine carrier, carrier plate and landing gear plate) are fixed together corresponding to the device assembly. Take them appart before beginning with the construction.

3. ASSEMBLY INSTRUCTIONS

CAUTION: Read the assembly and flight instructions most carefully. Do not alter anything. Essential for flight quality is after all to yccord the counter torque- and drive-flaps with the air screw (30/15; 12/6').

A) ENGINE PLATE (item 19)

We strongly recommend to install an engine with exhaust head and rear exhaust. You may also use motors with side exhaust combined with a flat exhaust elbow. When mounting the engine into the carrier plate the distance between the lower propeller edge and the carrier plate (it. 19) is 118 mm. The exhaust head has to be shortened according to the diagram and the necessary opening in the engine plate has to be adapted. Insert the Bowden throttle cable supplied (item 20) for the motor speed regulation into drilled holes accentrical in the axle stub and fix it to the side of the engine carrier plate with a shackle. The lower end of the Bowden throttle cable must pratrudefrom the mounting screw,(item 2?) to avoid a mutual dislocation of engine plate and landing gear plate. 6) COWLING - TANK (item 3) .The same as with the caburstor fuel line connection you drill a hole into one of the naps on the underside of the tank bottom (item 6) -to install the fuel line connector (item ?) which has to be agglutinated later. Put the filter screen into the recess in the inner side of the tank bottom and fasten loosely. The lower side of the filter should be free of any adhesive. Drill two holes into the upper part of the tank; they are meant for fuelling CO 3 mm) and for airing (o 2 mm) the tank. Slightly roughen the rests of the glue and clean tank (item 3) and tank bottom (item 6). On the inner side of the tank bottom there are 6 naps to keep it pointing up- wards while glueing. One of the 6 naps has two poles attached to limit the position to the sides. Spread the cyanoacrylate adhesive supplied over all contact spots on the tank bottom; at the same time press them in the position indicated to the tank. Then cover the points of impact thinly with adhesive. Test the tank for leaks. In the imaginary prolongation of the engine carrier drill holes (o 2 mm) for the cowl retaining springs (item 8) into the upper edges of the tank. If additional holes should be required, do it most carefully in accordance with the carburetor in use (file if necessary) and not more than necessary. Insert the counter torque flaps (item 4) into the corresponding slots. Do not glue!! C) CARRIER PLATE - MUFFLER (item 3) Glue the three steal rods (item 21) into the holes in the carrier plate (item 22) drilled in for 35 mm. Pull the wing mounting bra- ckets (item 23) over the ends of the rods and glue them. Spread oyanoacrylate adhesive over the three mounting brackets for the propulsive flaps (item 23) and insert them quickly from above into the conic guide of the carrier plate (item 22). CAUT,ION: Flaps badly agglutinated or neclectly fitted in might get loose during the flight and therefor be a handicap to the stabilizing gyroscope action.@ More engine noise can be avoided by fixing sound absorbing material ti the carrier plate covering. The lateral exhaust holes must be absolutely kept free. If the installed engine with its specified air screw (12/6"; 30/15) does not produce the required rotation of at least 11.500 r.p.m. the lateral drill exhaust holes must be Increased. Besides it is possible to drill holes through the base plate and the volume gaine d between base plate and landing gear plate as an additional muffler.

D) LANDING GEAR PLATE - CONTROL SYSTEM (item 26)

1) Prepare the mount for the servo inclination flap and the torque (item 50) with 1,0 mm aluminum sheet (fig. 2). The measurements X and Y must go by the actual servo size. The opening X/Y is not necessary with servos fixed to the base. 2) Prepare the mount of the servo rudder (item 56) of 1,0 mm aluminum sheet. 3) Prepare the accu mount (item 54) and the receiver mount (item 61) with 0,5 mm aluminum sheet (fig. 4 and 5)-. The measurements X, Y and H have to go by the size of the accu and the receiver. By widening the mount you may fix some foam rubber for the,protection of the accu and the receiver. 4) Assemble the device before you start installing the controll- system. 5) Fix the flap expansions supplied to the inclination flap (item 24). 6) Insert the journal pin into the lateral drill holes in the landing gear plate (item 26). Insert rudder into.the journal bush and agglutinate to the lever (item 58). 7) Assemble engine plate (item 19), carrier plate (item 22) and landing gear plate (item 26). 8) Turn the device over so that the landing gear plate (item 26) points upwards (fig. 6) and the inclination flap (item 24) is exactly opposite the engine cylinder. Do not yet screw the device together. 9) Now arrange the servo mount (item 50 and 56) with the fixed servos, accu mount (item 54), receiver mount (item 61) and antenna pod (item 59) on the inside of the landing gear plate (item 26) (fig. 6). 10) The'servo unit (item 52) for the motor speed must be exactly above the Bowden cable in horizontal position (servo-average). 6 11) The servo unit (item 51) for the inclination flap must be on the same level as the inclination flap shackle. 12) Line out the mounting holes for the mounts on the landing gear plate and drill the holes. Apply the mounts and screw them in. 13) Insert the antenna mounts (item 59) into drill holes in the side plate of the landing gear plate and fix them to the landing gear plate. The distance between the anteena end and the hori- zontal flight axle should be approcimately 100 mm. 14) Mount the on/off switch lever (item 53) to the side wall'of the landing gear plate (item 26). File cut outs for the switch lever and for a possible landing bush . E) HINGING of the SIDE FLAP (item 11) Connect the servo lever with the lever of the side flap (item. 58) by steal wire. The side flap (item 11) must be moveable from the zero point (vertical) to the right or left for about 25 degrees each (fig. 6). F) HINGING of the INCLINATION FLAP (item 24) Connect the servo lever with the clevis type connector of the in- clination flap in using two yokes and a thread rod. When retractes the inclination flap has to be in vertical position and when ex- tended in horizontal position. Thus it has to describe a course of 90 degrees (fig. 6).

G) HINGING of SPEED REGULATION

First assemble engine plate (item 19), carrier plate (item 22) and landing gear plate (item 26) as indicated above. Screw them together with the locking disc (item 27) and the screw (item 28) (screw in thread shape without thread cutting). CAUTION: Inclination flap must be straight opposite to the engine . cylinder! Solder the yoke to the steal wire supplied and stiffen the first two cm of the wire with soldering tin. Insert the cable through Bowden wire and hang the yoke into the servo lever.. Put servo lever to the maximum deflection and also put the carburetor lever in full throttle position. Hang the yoke into the carburetor lever, insert cable and solder it. Make sure, that the engine may be stalled only by trim in order to avoid a motor stop while flying. The following interpretations of the transmitter functions have proved favorable especially for beginners in model aircraft con- struction (fig. 14): a) Decline / idle running b) Lift/full throttle c) left turn d) right turn e) Inclination flap/horizontal flight f) Inclination flap/neutral. The control stick of the transmitter shall have no self neutrali- zation when using the control functions motor speed (A-6) and inclination flap (E-F)..(Unhinge spring).

H) LANDING GEAR (item 14)

Insert the shook absorber legs (item 12) into the landing gear plate (item 26) and into the landing gear (item 14) and glue them.

I) ANTENNA (item 60)

Insert antenna into holder (item 59). Shorten and insulate the receiver antenna and solder it with the antenna (item 60) or clamp it to the cover of the antenna holder (fig. 6). Slip the plastic bag supplied over thebent end of the antenna and fix it with adhesive. Secure the antenna to the landing gear by thin card or suchlike to avoid oscillation towards the ring wing.

J) COVER (item 13)

Scribe the opening for the side flap lever (item 58) and for the rods of the inclination flap; drill or file them. File the opening for the antenna holder (item 59). You may fix the cover (item 13) either by thr'ee rubber rings or by mounting an bracket into the landing gear plate and by a central bolting through the bottom of the cover. For the rubber fixing insert two little screws in the outside of the landing gear plate in an anlge of about 120 degrees to the right and to the left of the side flap bearing (item 111). Also mount a screw into the center of the cover bottom, which must protrude a little. Now it is possible to fix the cover with three rubber rings by straining one of them over the journal pin of the side flap.

K) RING WING (item 5) There are precisely matching slots in the devided ring wing, which

can be agglutinated accurately with styropor-adhesive, epoxy resin, white glue or such like. For that purpose you need a level work surface where you arrange the wing halves and keep them under pressure until the adhesive has hardened completely. Then you may paint the ring wing with dispersion colour or cover it with foil. Wrap the outside with tape supplied. Press stabilizing (inertia) weights (item 9) into drillholes in the lower side of the ring wing. There should be always two opposite each other with RW 96 and always three opposite each other with RW 80. Even when having handled most carefully, before fixing the ring wing check by spinning the carrier plate whether the ring wing mountings are in the same level. If necessary correct them by bending the rods. Attach the ring wing. CAUTION: The propeller sub border of RW 96 must be in the same level as the ring wing upper border. The distance propeller (subborder/ring wing upper border of the RW 80 must be 30 mm. Rotate the carrier plate (item 22) with the-ring wing (item 5) and check with any instrument if the ring wing turns concentric and adapt the ring wing by tapping slightly with the finger. Heat a wire in a candle flame (3 mm) and meld three vertical holes through the lower wing mounting (item 23) and through the ring wing from the downside upwards. Lightly screw on ring wing with the screws supplied (item 15), with the mounting screw plates (item 16) and with the mounting screw nuts (item 25). Check once more if the ring wing runs levelly and con- centric (disc may oscillate for max. 5 mm or be excentric for max. 2 mm). Now tighten the ring wing uniformly.

L) RING WING BALANCE

Position the device inverted on the work surface. Rotate the ring wing. If necessary press an small screw into the lower side of the wing directly opposite the heavy side. Minimal unbalance may be tolerated.

4) OPERATION INSTRUCTIONS

1. PREFLIGHT PREPARATIONS

CAUTION: Safety reasons demand two persons for preparing the take- off, in particular in adjusting the engine (fig. 7). The take-off may be done by hand as well as by an electric starter. But watch that the drive key of the starter is secured tightly so that it will not fall into the rotating pro- peller. Carburetor adjustments are to be made only from below the ring wing. In order to master all flight manoeuvres the max. motor speed with the provided air screw (3C)/15; 12/6 '-) must be more than 11.500 r.p.m. Higher motor speeds achieve higher flight qualities espe- scially a faster flattening out after a nose dive and horizontal speed. Because of the self stabilization of the TURBOPLAN you may learn the controll functions gradually. You should not try first flights in windy weather as long as you are not master of all control- functions. CAUTION: Never allow the engine to run out of fuel during flight. Take time measures with a stop watch. The motor must run evenly at any motor speed.' 2. VERTICAL TAKE-OFF - HOVERING FLIGHT - LANDING (fig. 8, 13, 12) CAUTION: Put aside all your wing flight and helicopter flight experience, you are flying a TURBOPLAN with quite different flight characteristics. Position the TURBOPLAN on a free place. Inclination and side flaps stay neutral (= vertical). Slowly encrease the motor speed ,so that the ring wing gains a flight stabilizing speed. The first hovering should not be done in an altitude.over 5 m. Landing is achieved by slow reduction of the motor s.peed. A possible con- or counter rotation of the controller has no effect on these vertical flights. Repeat several times. F u e I ? 3. COUNTER TORQUE BALANCE After being at home with the vertical flight get acquainted with the horizontal flight. For that - especially for change of direction - the controller must be moveable into any direction and also be stallable. The c'ounter torque alters with the motor speed. The counter torque should be in balance when the TURBOPLAN is hovering with the @-i ricn f I Rn neutral ( ver,ti cal ) Little deviation can be corrected I 0 by trim

4. HORIZONTAL FLIGHT (fig. 10)

The inclination flap is extended during the horizontal flight. More extention of the inclination flap combined with higher motor speed results in higher horizontal speed. If TURBOPLAN deviate negative in the horizontal flight retract the inclination flap a little. Operating the side rudder (flap) (item 11) enables to fly to the right or to the left or straight on. The gyro effect is very valuable for the self stabilization of the TURBOPLAN, but shows to depend on the motor speed and on the disc speed also, therefore it tends to influence the flight. That may be eliminated by the control functions. With higher motor speed the TURSOPLAN flies rather to the left. That means that for a left turn you need less side-extention than for the right turn. With lower motor speed (hovering) the left/right tendencies are neutra- lized, the necessary side flap extentions get more equal. Having exercised vertical take-off, hovering and landing and the necessary counter torque balancies sufficiently (fuelling!) once more remember the above mentioned characteristics and then proceed as follows: a) hovering in an altitude of about 5 to 10 m; b) execute counter torque balancing and fix the direction (antei-ina- inclination flap); c) extend inclination flap. When extended the inclination flap encreases the motor speed a little. The TURSOPLAN flies the same direction as the inclination flap shows, left and right turns are controlled only by the side flap (C-D, fig. 14). CAUTION: As a beginner you may lose the control over the TURBOPLAN out of reasons whatsoever. If so retract the inclination flap (vertical) and make the TURBOPLAN hover by motor speed regulation; because of its selfstabilization the TURBOPLAN regains horizontal position by itself. If you want to speed up the change between horizontal flight and hovering position the antenna (controller) opposite to the flight direction by extending the side flap for 180 degrees and as soon as the TURBOPLAN has been stalled immediatly retract the inclination flap. If you don't the TURBOPLAN flies its route back.

5) DEEICENT (fig. 11)

CAUTION: By its climbing speed wanted or not - the TURSOPLAN gains quickly great altitude, where you can no lohger take notice of its control flight reactions; its selfstabilization however guards it against a crash. To make the TURBOPLAN descent as soon as possible to the landing place do as follows: 1) reduce motor speed to near under the hovering motor speed; 2) extend inclination flap. The side flap stays neutral. If needed these functions can be executed even without sight to the TURBOPLAN. They cause a steep descent in spiral turns to the right. Note: the less motor speed and the more extention of the inclination flap the wider is the angle of inclination and therefore the higher the descent velocity. Mind the fact that the TURBOPLAN needs more or less altitude in accordance with the angle of inclination, to gain hovering position after the motor speed has been Increased and th.e inclination flap neutralized. From the reduced altitude the landing place can be aimed at. Retract the inclination flap and sink by reducing the motor speed. If you follow these operation instructions carefully and spend the same time on TURBOPLAN flying as on other flight models you certainly will enjoy to work with it.